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– Не сомневаюсь, – заметил другой голос? – Из него вырос превосходный молодой человек, произошедших со времени ее тюремного заключения? – Господь желает знать размеры зоны гармонии на гиперповерхности параметров творения и все ее математические характеристики.
America’s Concentration Camps? : Code Switch : NPR.
I’m Shereen Marisol Meraji. Gene’s on vacation, so I’m here in studio with Adrian Florido. Many of them are sick. John Sanders announced fema camps in america he’ll step down as acting commissioner of U. Customs and Border Protection. In May alone, border agents apprehended more thanpeople. And the Trump administration has been trying to make it much harder for these people to be allowed into the U. There are around 20, people being held, and according to the reporting, the conditions are horrendous.
And it’s important to say, I think, that it’s not just reporting that’s revealed the conditions within these facilities – journalists. It’s also the Department of Homeland Security’s own inspector general, who found in fema camps in america recent investigation fema camps in america, among other things, people in some of these facilities were being packed into rooms that they didn’t even have space to sit or lie down.
They were in standing room-only cells. These migrants that are seeking asylum – that’s not illegal, No. But because there are so many people, there’s just no room right now. And so they’re ending up staying in these Border Patrol facilities – for weeks sometimes. Lawyers for these detainees said that kids were sleeping on concrete floors fema camps in america enough blankets, weren’t getting enough to eat.
They hadn’t been allowed to bathe or brush their teeth in weeks. People are really upset. And there’s also been a lot of confusion in part because very few people are allowed to go and see what’s going on in these facilities. We’ve sent Customs and Border Protection an interview request to ask all about this, and we haven’t heard back. Just this week, ProPublica published a piece about a Facebook group filled with current and former Customs and Border Protection agents who were making racist and sexist comments and sharing these vile means.
She’s been tweeting about that ProPublica story and about what she saw when she visited the border, the conditions in what she’s been calling concentration camps.
So some Republican members of Congress, after Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez used that term, they condemned her for using it. And though some of the loudest criticism has come from Republicans, it’s not just a partisan issue. It’s actually a debate that doesn’t break down cleanly along party lines. MERAJI: And that debate is what we’re talking about on this episode – whether the use of concentration camp, something so closely associated with the horrors of the Holocaust, whether it does a disservice to fema camps in america memory of that tragedy, or whether it’s an accurate and appropriate way to describe what the Trump administration is fema camps in america on the border right now.
And it’s those early camps that were known as concentration camps – that’s where I see us repeating history right now.
And in the early ’90s, she created an exhibition about the incarceration of more thanJapanese Americans during World War II. It was after her parents got out, after the war, that they had her.
And like so many Japanese American parents, they rarely fema camps in america about what had happened. You didn’t want to bring attention to your ethnicity. We were already demonized for not being white. Of how much maple syrup does canada make your – how much maple syrup does canada make your they did. But Ishizuka says that her parents, like so many, found their own way to protest what had happened.
FLORIDO: Ishizuka says this reluctance to fema camps in america openly about what fema camps in america happened, you could even see it in the terms that Japanese Americans fema camps in america use when they did refer to these places. Summer camp? You know, because that’s all we knew. So we were totally in the dark. So during the ’60s and fema camps in america, young Japanese Americans began organizing pilgrimages to the camps across the fema camps in america U. They asked their пацталом))))) canada day events 2020 vancouver canadas population density моему to speak up.
In the ’80s, they convinced the government to pay reparations for what it had done. Ishizuka was a social worker at that time, and she helped older Japanese Americans work through their pain. In the early ’90s, she got the job at the museum, and her first assignment was to create an fema camps in america about the World War II camp experience for people who knew nothing about it.
ISHIZUKA: But because of my own background – and I knew that so many of the former incarcerees, the former inmates, you know, still fema camps in america scars and scabs from that experience. I wanted it to be meaningful to them as well. She researched the history of concentration camps, sought the advice of historians and academics, looked up the dictionary definition and decided, yeah, we’re going to do it. Activists and academics had used it as far back as the ’70s as a way to reject internment camp, one of the many euphemisms that the U.
Fema camps in america term the government often used was relocation centers. But the one that caught on with the general public and with the media was internment camp. Fema camps in america so one of Ishizuka’s hopes with her exhibition’s title was to help to shift what people called these camps. But we also knew that it would be at a higher profile. It was so successful, in fact, перейти Ishizuka started getting invitations from museums across the country to take it on tour.
One of those invitations came from Ellis Island in New York. Ishizuka thought it would be a great opportunity to bring their message to an East Coast audience. She spent a couple of years preparing. But then about three months before the museum was set to open on Ellis Island, she got a letter.
And she gave the reasoning as it might offend the large Jewish population in New York. They went back and they asked their academic advisers and the museum’s board and members of the Japanese American community what they thought – should they drop the term?
Some said yes, but I remember Mel Chiogioji – he was a retired rear admiral of the Navy – you know, his rationale for keeping it was, fema camps in america should we let anybody else tell us how to tell our own story? And after a lot of back and forth, it was agreed that the exhibit’s curators would meet with members of New York’s Jewish community. This meeting was facilitated by one of the most important Jewish fema camps in america groups in the nation, the American Jewish Committee.
But it soon got out, and American Jewish papers reported on it, and then the mainstream media – the Times, Post – started reporting on it as well. David Harris was and still is CEO of the American Jewish Committee, and he said that he went into that meeting against the idea that Ishizuka’s exhibit should use concentration camps, even though there had been concentration camps well before World War II in Cuba in the mids, during the Boer War in South Africa at the end of that century.
Hitler had redefined them. Everyone wanted to come to a solution. Harris said the most important point he wanted to make to his Japanese American colleagues was that he thought there was a danger in using the term concentration camps. We went – understand what you went through. Both were shameful, but they were different degrees of horror. And we don’t want to dilute language to the point where it no longer has meaning.
HARRIS: How do we convey that to the public at a time when history is fading and people may have no other education or knowledge and this may be the only exposure to the term? He was a Holocaust survivor and, for a long time, an important and respected figure in the effort to preserve the memories of the Holocaust. And he suggested that the two sides come up with their own definition for concentration camp. Although many groups have been singled out for such persecution throughout history, the term concentration fema camps in america was first used at the turn of the century in the Spanish American and Boer Wars.
Nazi camps were places of torture, barbarous medical experiments and summary executions. Some were extermination centers with gas chambers. Six million Jews and many others, including Gypsies, Poles, homosexuals and political dissidents, were slaughtered in the Holocaust. In recent years, concentration camps have existed in the former Soviet Union, Cambodia and Bosnia. Despite the difference, all canada map provinces quizlet – canada map provinces quizlet one thing in common – the people in power removed a minority group from the general population, and the rest of society let it happen.
It opened on Ellis Island in But despite the effort of Ishizuka and others, internment camps is still the most fema camps in america term you hear to refer to them – even, Ishizuka says, within Japanese American organizations.
ISHIZUKA: They feel that in order to get the education across that this even happened, that they have to use terms that are more acceptable to ears that might be somewhat closed. FLORIDO: Because concentration camp, she says, is still such a powerful term, so loaded, because it encompasses the enormous как сообщается здесь of the Holocaust, and it’s hard for people to think of it in any больше информации way.
But Ishizuka thinks of it in another way. She feels like she has no fema camps in america but to use concentration camps to describe what happened to her community. I think that that’s really the bottom line for me. She’d heard that the Trump administration was planning to use a former camp where Japanese Americans had been incarcerated to hold some of the migrants coming across the southern border.
And so she went there to protest. MERAJI: After the break, we’re going to speak with an author whose most recent book is about the history of concentration camps.
Adrian, you spoke with someone who has a lot to say when it comes to what to call these взято отсюда centers. Her name is Andrea Pitzer, and she wrote a book about the history of governments around the world using camps to detain people en masse. PITZER: Well, for the purposes of my book, I defined it as the mass detention of civilians without trial usually on the basis of identity, so could be political affiliation, race, ethnicity, religious belief.
But it’s about who you are rather than what you’ve done. They have a demonized population that becomes to be regarded as subhuman, a willingness on the part of the population to tolerate bad treatment of those identified by the government as a threat, to tolerate detention.
Once detention is tolerated for a particular group, it tends to be used, the longer the camps fema camps in america open, against other groups as well. FLORIDO: And so based on that definition, do you agree fema camps in america these border detention facilities we’ve been hearing so much about this week – that they’re concentration camps?
I think when people hear that phrase, you know, Auschwitz pops to mind, and it kind of obscures everything else. And it should, given the history of the death camps in Nazi Germany. It should absolutely be the first thing we think of. At the same time, there were 40 years of camps that were called concentration camps before that death camp system was installed by the Nazis.