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Without Edmondson, the obviousness challenge to these claims fails. As the Board considered, Bastin does not provide a specific motivation, including any screening or optimization protocol that, combined with Edmondson, would lead to sitagliptin DHP, the S -configuration, or even a racemic mixture.
Merck argues that the Board was correct in finding that Mylan did not provide a persuasive motivation for making the crystalline monohydrate form of sitagliptin.
Merck asserts evidence that skilled artisans would avoid making hydrates due to solubility and stability challenges during the drug-production process. Merck also contends that the monohydrate has unexpectedly favorable properties, and that these properties are objective indicia of nonobviousness. We agree with Merck. Sign of the times? In a much-anticipated decision, U. Together, the releases culminated the intense efforts by LES during the COVID pandemic in preparing and launching the Surveys and in analyzing the data, presenting the results and writing the Reports.
Not only do LES Royalty Survey Reports provide an update on the licensing market in the past few years, they look into the dynamics of market evolution since the s. The Reports offer benchmark royalty data by various categories, such as technology field and IP type, which serve as invaluable references for licensing professionals. The High Tech Survey Report is also the only data source in the IP industry that quantifies and publishes royalty rate premiums or discounts such as exclusivity premium and advanced-stage technology premium.
Through identifying and quantifying the value contributions of key license parameters such as exclusivity, technology development stage and IP type, among others, the LES team aims to develop a build-up method for royalty determination, analogous to the build-up method in business valuation. The amendments retreat, to some degree, from the policy the IEEE adopted in February , which stated among other things that the determination of reasonable royalties for FRAND-committed SEPs should include consideration of the SSPPU, and that owners of FRAND-committed SEPs should not seek injunctive relief against implementers unless the latter failed to participate in or comply with the outcome of, an adjudication that included first-level appellate review.
The new policy departs from these requirements, though it still obligates owners not to seek injunctive relief against willing licensees. Below are the relevant provisions, with the revised portions highlighted and underscored by the IEEE. The first part comes from Bylaw 6. In addition, determination of such Reasonable Rates should include, but need not be limited to, the consideration of:. Some optional considerations for determination of Reasonable Rates are:. The Submitter of an Accepted LOA who has committed to make available a license for one or more Essential Patent Claims agrees that it shall neither seek nor seek to enforce a Prohibitive Order based on such Essential Patent Claim s in a jurisdiction unless the against an implementer who is willing to negotiate in good faith for a license.
Seeking further information upon initial notice of infringement or choosing to litigate or arbitrate over any of the foregoing issues, however, does not by itself mean that a party so choosing is unwilling to negotiate in good faith. Back in , although I was critical of the part about the SSPPU see here , I was in favor of the part about injunctive relief—though in retrospect I can see how requiring the parties to go all the way through first-level appellate review before an implementer would be considered unwilling may have gone too far.
Cooperative Entertainment, Inc. The first is the required dynamic P2P network wherein multiple peer nodes consume the same content and are configured to communicate outside the CDNs. The second requires trace routes be used in content segmentation. In this episode of IP Goes Pop! Did not provide payment for completed work. Was not responsive, left terrible feedback, changed content requirements several times. Did not communicate, didn’t give a chance for any revision of work and left terrible feedback.
Provided unclear instructions and continued changing requirements throughout the project. Did not provide final payment for completed work. Asked for custom samples of work and never responded.
Accepted first piece of content and then never responded and did not provide any feedback. Continued to delay payment blaming bank issues and didn’t pay until 2 months after job completion. Did not provide payment for first piece of completed work and then stopped responding. Did not respond after receiving.
Did not pay for completed work, never released funds. Changed work details after the fact and then expected all revisions for free. Tried to get multiple free samples that were custom written and never provided any projects.
Took several days to provide job details and then files complaint when work was not delivered within 2 business days never agreed on a 2 day delivery. Asked for 3 revisions and then never paid for anything. Submitted first piece of requested content and then never heard back and never received any feedback. Tried to make up reasons for discounting payment and led to ongoing dispute. Didn’t pay for any work and tried to blame it on quality issues yet published and used the work months later.
Asked for countless revisions and continued changing requirements. Didn’t pay for completed work. Stopped responding in the middle of a project and never released final payment. This study was designed to explore gaming behaviors and clinical characteristics across different gaming device usage patterns and the role of the patterns on Internet gaming disorder IGD.
Responders of an online survey regarding smartphone and online game usage were classified by different gaming device usage patterns: 1 individuals who played only computer games; 2 individuals who played computer games more than smart This study evaluated the Columbus Ohio Children’s Hospital vision stimulation program, involving in-home intervention with 15 visually impaired infants.
Comparison with controls indicated benefits of appropriate vision stimulation in increasing the neural foundation for vision and visual-motor function in visually impaired infants. Machine Vision Handbook. The automation of visual inspection is becoming more and more important in modern industry as a consistent, reliable means of judging the quality of raw materials and manufactured goods. The Machine Vision Handbook equips the reader with the practical details required to engineer integrated mechanical-optical-electronic-software systems.
Machine vision is first set in the context of basic information on light, natural vision , colour sensing and optics. The physical apparatus required for mechanized image capture — lenses, cameras, scanners and light sources — are discussed followed by detailed treatment of various image-processing methods including an introduction to the QT image processing system.
QT is unique to this book, and provides an example of a practical machine vision system along with extensive libraries of useful commands, functions and images which can be implemented by the reader. The main text of the book is completed by studies of a wide variety of applications of machine vision in insp Agnosic vision is like peripheral vision , which is limited by crowding.
Visual agnosia is a neuropsychological impairment of visual object recognition despite near-normal acuity and visual fields. A century of research has provided only a rudimentary account of the functional damage underlying this deficit. We find that the object-recognition ability of agnosic patients viewing an object directly is like that of normally-sighted observers viewing it indirectly, with peripheral vision.
Thus, agnosic vision is like peripheral vision. We obtained 14 visual-object-recognition tests that are commonly used for diagnosis of visual agnosia. Our “standard” normal observer took these tests at various eccentricities in his periphery. Analyzing the published data of 32 apperceptive agnosia patients and a group of 14 posterior cortical atrophy PCA patients on these tests, we find that each patient’s pattern of object recognition deficits is well characterized by one number, the equivalent eccentricity at which our standard observer’s peripheral vision is like the central vision of the agnosic patient.
In other words, each agnosic patient’s equivalent eccentricity is conserved across tests. Across patients, equivalent eccentricity ranges from 4 to 40 deg, which rates severity of the visual deficit. In normal peripheral vision , the required size to perceive a simple image e.
In crowding, adjacent simple objects appear unrecognizably jumbled unless their spacing exceeds the crowding distance, which grows linearly with eccentricity.
Besides conservation of equivalent eccentricity across object-recognition tests, we also find conservation, from eccentricity to agnosia, of the relative susceptibility of recognition of ten visual tests. These findings show that agnosic vision is like eccentric vision. Whence crowding? Peripheral vision , strabismic amblyopia, and possibly apperceptive agnosia are all limited by crowding, making it. Peripheral vision of youths with low vision : motion perception, crowding, and visual search.
Effects of low vision on peripheral visual function are poorly understood, especially in children whose visual skills are still developing.
The aim of this study was to measure both central and peripheral visual functions in youths with typical and low vision. Of specific interest was the extent to which measures of foveal function predict performance of peripheral tasks. Experimental measures used both static and moving stimuli and included visual crowding, visual search, motion acuity, motion direction discrimination, and multitarget motion comparison.
In most tasks, visual function was impaired in youths with low vision. Substantial differences, however, were found both between participant groups and, importantly, across different tasks within participant groups. Foveal visual acuity was a modest predictor of peripheral form vision and motion sensitivity in either the central or peripheral field. Despite exhibiting normal motion discriminations in fovea, motion sensitivity of youths with low vision deteriorated in the periphery.
This contrasted with typically sighted participants, who showed improved motion sensitivity with increasing eccentricity. Visual search was greatly impaired in youths with low vision. Our results reveal a complex pattern of visual deficits in peripheral vision and indicate a significant role of attentional mechanisms in observed impairments. These deficits were not adequately captured by measures of foveal function, arguing for the importance of independently assessing peripheral visual function.
Vision restoration after brain and retina damage: the “residual vision activation theory”. Vision loss after retinal or cerebral visual injury CVI was long considered to be irreversible. However, there is considerable potential for vision restoration and recovery even in adulthood.
Here, we propose the “residual vision activation theory” of how visual functions can be reactivated and restored. CVI is usually not complete, but some structures are typically spared by the damage. They include i areas of partial damage at the visual field border, ii “islands” of surviving tissue inside the blind field, iii extrastriate pathways unaffected by the damage, and iv downstream, higher-level neuronal networks.
Because of this resulting activation loss, residual structures are unable to contribute much to everyday vision , and their “non-use” further impairs synaptic strength. However, residual structures can be reactivated by engaging them in repetitive stimulation by different means: i visual experience, ii visual training, or iii noninvasive electrical brain current stimulation.
These methods lead to strengthening of synaptic transmission and synchronization of partially damaged structures within-systems plasticity and downstream neuronal networks network plasticity. Just as in normal perceptual learning, synaptic plasticity can improve vision and lead to vision restoration.
This can be induced at any time after the lesion, at all ages and in all types of visual field impairments after retinal or brain damage stroke, neurotrauma, glaucoma, amblyopia, age-related macular degeneration. If and to what extent vision restoration can be achieved is a function of the amount of residual tissue and its activation state.
However, sustained improvements require repetitive. Filtering and polychromatic vision in mantis shrimps: themes in visible and ultraviolet vision. Stomatopod crustaceans have the most complex and diverse assortment of retinal photoreceptors of any animals, with 16 functional classes. The receptor classes are subdivided into sets responsible for ultraviolet vision , spatial vision , colour vision and polarization vision.
Many of these receptor classes are spectrally tuned by filtering pigments located in photoreceptors or overlying optical elements. At visible wavelengths, carotenoproteins or similar substances are packed into vesicles used either as serial, intrarhabdomal filters or lateral filters. A single retina may contain a diversity of these filtering pigments paired with specific photoreceptors, and the pigments used vary between and within species both taxonomically and ecologically.
Ultraviolet-filtering pigments in the crystalline cones serve to tune ultraviolet vision in these animals as well, and some ultraviolet receptors themselves act as birefringent filters to enable circular polarization vision.
Stomatopods have reached an evolutionary extreme in their use of filter mechanisms to tune photoreception to habitat and behaviour, allowing them to extend the spectral range of their vision both deeper into the ultraviolet and further into the red.
Micro Vision. In the field of the micro vision , there are few researches compared with macro environment. However, applying to the study result for macro computer vision technique, you can measure and observe the micro environment. Moreover, based on the effects of micro environment, it is possible to discovery the new theories and new techniques.
Low Vision Devices and Training. Full Text Available Vision is the ability to see with a clear perception of detail, colour and contrast, and to distinguish objects visually.
Like any other sense, vision tends to deteriorate or diminish naturally with age. In most cases, reduction in visual capability can be corrected with glasses, medicine or surgery. However, if the visual changes occur because of an incurable eye disease, condition or injury, vision loss can be permanent. Many people around the world with permanent visual impairment have some residual vision which can be used with the help of low vision services, materials and devices.
This paper describes different options for the enhancement of residual vision including optical and non-optical devices and providing training for the low vision client. Research on robot navigation vision sensor based on grating projection stereo vision. A novel visual navigation method based on grating projection stereo vision for mobile robot in dark environment is proposed.
This method is combining with grating projection profilometry of plane structured light and stereo vision technology. It can be employed to realize obstacle detection, SLAM Simultaneous Localization and Mapping and vision odometry for mobile robot navigation in dark environment without the image match in stereo vision technology and without phase unwrapping in the grating projection profilometry. First, we research the new vision sensor theoretical, and build geometric and mathematical model of the grating projection stereo vision system.
Second, the computational method of 3D coordinates of space obstacle in the robot’s visual field is studied, and then the obstacles in the field is located accurately. The result of simulation experiment and analysis shows that this research is useful to break the current autonomous navigation problem of mobile robot in dark environment, and to provide the theoretical basis and exploration direction for further study on navigation of space exploring robot in the dark and without GPS environment.
Long-term outlook of energy demand and supply in Japan. In this study, we showed an energy demand and supply scenario toward the year in Japan, which underlies JAEA’s ‘Nuclear Energy Vision ‘ published in October This energy demand and supply scenario aimed at the coexistence of the reduction of the carbon dioxide emission and the energy security through reduction of the fossil fuel usage , positive electrification and the nuclear energy usage. Codon usage bias and the evolution of influenza A viruses.
Codon Usage Biases of Influenza Virus. Full Text Available Abstract Background The influenza A virus is an important infectious cause of morbidity and mortality in humans and was responsible for 3 pandemics in the 20th century. As the replication of the influenza virus is based on its host’s machinery, codon usage of its viral genes might be subject to host selection pressures, especially after interspecies transmission. A better understanding of viral evolution and host adaptive responses might help control this disease.
The codon usage patterns of seasonal human influenza viruses were distinct among their subtypes and different from those of avian viruses. Newly isolated viruses could be added to the CA results, creating a tool to investigate the host origin and evolution of viral genes. It was found that the pandemic H1N1 virus contained genes with mammalian-like viral codon usage patterns, indicating that the introduction of this virus to humans was not through in toto transfer of an avian influenza virus.
Many human viral genes had directional changes in codon usage over time of viral isolation, indicating the effect of host selection pressures. These changes reduced the overall GC content and the usage of G at the third codon position in the viral genome. Limited evidence of translational selection pressure was found in a few viral genes.
Conclusions Codon usage patterns from CA allowed identification of host origin and evolutionary trends in influenza viruses, providing an alternative method and a tool to understand the evolution of influenza viruses. Human influenza viruses are subject to selection pressure on codon usage which might assist in understanding the characteristics of newly emerging viruses.
Chemicals Industry Vision. Chemical industry leaders articulated a long-term vision for the industry, its markets, and its technology in the groundbreaking document Technology Vision – The U.
Chemical Industry. PDF KB. Low Vision Tips. You will still find health resources A study of computer-related upper limb discomfort and computer vision syndrome. Personal computers are one of the commonest office tools in Malaysia today. The study was conducted to investigate how a multiethnic society in Malaysia is coping with these problems that are increasing at a phenomenal rate in the west.
This study investigated computer usage , awareness of ergonomic modifications of computer furniture and peripherals, symptoms of CVS and risk of developing OOS. A cross-sectional questionnaire study of computer users was conducted on a sample population of university students and office staff. The prevalence of CVS was surveyed incorporating a point scoring system for each of its various symptoms. It was found that many were using standard keyboard and mouse without any ergonomic modifications.
Many users had higher RULA scores of the wrist and neck suggesting increased risk of developing OOS, which needed further intervention. The increase of CVS scores suggesting more subjective symptoms correlated with increase in computer usage spells. It was concluded that further onsite studies are needed, to follow up this survey to decrease the risks of developing CVS and OOS amongst young computer users.
Review: Familiarity to Vision Rehabilitation Process. Full Text Available Considering the numbers of low vision patients who have been visited and treated in eye clinics, sometimes there is no exact treatment to increase their visual acuity.
Therefore, the necessity to pay attention to vision rehabilitation for them is strongly felt. The aims of this essay are to define vision rehabilitation and its process in relevant centers called Low Vision Clinic.
The statistic of low vision people is reported and the method of collecting data is described. Standard definition, causes of low vision and related diseases congenital, heredity, acquired… are explained. In addition, low vision aids and role of test and prescription are discussed. Sometimes ophthalmologists and optometrists can not exactly cure patient to raise their V. A because there is no treatment or drug or ordinary glasses.
In these cases the clients should refer to low vision clinic and visit low vision specialist on vision rehabilitation process. After primary evaluation they are tested completely and at the end are prescribed proper low vision aid and also provided with advice in relation to career, education role and training techniques especially in children. At the last part of present dissertation, some examples are provided to show effectiveness of vision rehabilitation and low vision aid among the clients in different countries.
By applying the science of ergonomics we can reduce the difficulties faced by computer users. Development of counseling plan, initial treatment plan, prevent complications and educate the subjects about the disease process and to enhance public awareness. A Computer Vision score was taken out based on 5 symptoms each of which was given a score of 2.
The symptoms included foreign body sensation, redness, eyestrain, blurring of vision and frequent change in refraction. The score of more than 6 was treated as Computer Vision syndrome and the subjects underwent synoptophore tests and refraction. RESULT In the present study where we had divided subjects into 2 groups of 50 each and given tear substitutes only in one group and ergonomics was considered with tear substitutes in the other.
We saw that there was more improvement after 4 weeks and 8 weeks in the group taking lubricants and ergonomics into consideration than lubricants alone.
More improvement was seen in eyestrain and blurring P0. Ehrlich, Joshua R. Purpose To describe the various types of head-mounted display technology, their optical and human factors considerations, and their potential for use in low vision rehabilitation and vision enhancement. Design Expert perspective. Methods An overview of head-mounted display technology by an interdisciplinary team of experts drawing on key literature in the field. Results Head-mounted display technologies can be classified based on their display type and optical design.
See-through displays such as retinal projection devices have the greatest potential for use as low vision aids. These optical and human factors considerations are important when selecting head-mounted displays for specific applications and patient groups. Conclusions Head-mounted display technologies may offer advantages over conventional low vision aids. Future research should compare head-mounted displays to commonly prescribed low vision aids in order to compare their effectiveness in addressing the impairments and rehabilitation goals of diverse patient populations.
Background: Blindness and low vision are major causes of morbidity and constitute a significant public health problem, both detrimental to the quality of life for the individual and an economic burden on the individual, family, and society in general. People with low vision have the potential for enhancement of functional vision if they receive the appropriate low vision services. The present study aims to determine the profile of the low vision population attending a low vision clinic at a p Learning from vision -to-touch is different than from touch-to- vision.
Full Text Available We studied whether vision can teach touch to the same extent as touch seems to teach vision. In a 2 x 2 between-participants learning study, we artificially correlated visual gloss cues with haptic compliance cues. In two “natural” tasks, we tested whether visual gloss estimations have an influence on haptic estimations of softness and vice versa.
In two “new” tasks, in which participants were either asked to haptically judge glossiness or to visually judge softness, we investigated how perceptual estimates transfer from one sense to the other. Our results showed that vision does not teach touch as efficient as touch seems to teach vision. Biofeedback for Better Vision. Biofeedtrac, Inc.
Joseph Trachtman, is based on vision research performed by Ames Research Center and a special optometer developed for the Ames program by Stanford Research Institute. In the United States, about million people are myopes nearsighted , who tend to overfocus when they look at distant objects causing blurry distant vision , or hyperopes farsighted , whose vision blurs when they look at close objects because they tend to underfocus.
The key is biofeedback, wherein the patient learns to control a bodily process or function he is not normally aware of. Trachtman claims a 90 percent success rate for correcting, improving or stopping focusing problems. The Vision Trainer has also proved effective in treating other eye problems such as eye oscillation, cross eyes, and lazy eye and in professional sports to improve athletes’ peripheral vision and reaction time. Low Vision Rehabilitation and Diabetic Retinopathy.
Diabetic retinopathy is emerging as a major cause of blindness. Diabetic retinopathy calls for a multidisciplinary to the patients. Management of the patient requires a team work by the internist, diabetologist, dietician, ophthalmologist and low vision therapist.
Diabetic retinopathy very often results in vision loss. It is important for ophthalmologist to recognize the importance of low vision rehabilitation in formulating appropriate treatment strategies. People with low vision loss due to diabetic retinopathy usually experience difficulty in daily life. Most people with diabetic retinopathy who have remaining useful vision can be helped with low vision devices.
However, often one low vision device may not be suitable for all purposes. A comprehensive low vision evaluation is required to assess the person’s current visual status, identify the goals and the visual needs, and then design an individualized vision rehabilitation program to meet these needs.
Computer use and vision -related problems among university students in ajman, United arab emirate. The extensive use of computers as medium of teaching and learning in universities necessitates introspection into the extent of computer related health disorders among student population.
This study was undertaken to assess the pattern of computer usage and related visual problems, among University students in Ajman, United Arab Emirates. Demographic characteristics, pattern of usage of computers and associated visual symptoms were recorded in a validated self-administered questionnaire. Chi-square test was used to determine the significance of the observed differences between the variables. The level of statistical significance was at P computer users were headache – Female students were found to be at a higher risk.
Headache caused interruption of work in High prevalence of vision related problems was noted among university students. Sustained periods of close screen work without screen filters were found to be associated with occurrence of the symptoms and increased interruptions of work of the students.
There is a need to increase the ergonomic awareness among students and corrective measures need to be implemented to reduce the impact of computer related vision problems. Beauty and cuteness in peripheral vision. Guo et al.
Since there are different types of attractiveness Rhodes, , we investigated how beauty and cuteness are detected in peripheral vision with a brief presentation. The results indicated that both beauty and cuteness were detectable in peripheral vision , but not in the same manner. Discrimination rates for judging beauty were invariant in peripheral and central vision , while discrimination rates for judging cuteness declined in peripheral vision as compared with central vision.
This was not explained by lower resolution in peripheral vision. In addition, for male participants, it was more difficult to judge cuteness than beauty in peripheral vision , thus suggesting that gender differences can have a certain effect when judging cuteness.
Therefore, central vision might be suitable for judging cuteness while judging beauty might not be affected by either central or peripheral vision.
This might be related with the functional difference between beauty and cuteness. To evaluate the use of smartphone-based virtual reality to objectively assess activity limitation in glaucoma. Cross-sectional study of 93 patients 54 mild, 22 moderate, 17 severe glaucoma. Mean age was Twenty-four of 28 stationary test items showed acceptable fit to the Rasch model person separation 3.
Eleven of 12 moving ball test items showed acceptable fit person separation 3. No driving test items showed acceptable fit. Smartphone-based virtual reality may be a portable objective simulation test of activity limitation related to glaucomatous visual loss.
The use of simulated virtual environments could help better understand the activity limitations that affect patients with glaucoma.
Efficacy of vision therapy in children with learning disability and associated binocular vision anomalies. To report the frequency of binocular vision BV anomalies in children with specific learning disorders SLD and to assess the efficacy of vision therapy VT in children with a non-strabismic binocular vision anomaly NSBVA.
The study was carried out at a centre for learning disability LD. Comprehensive eye examination and binocular vision assessment was carried out for 94 children mean SD age: 15 2. At the end of 10 sessions of vision therapy, BV assessment was performed for both the intervention and non-intervention groups.
Binocular vision anomalies were found in 59 children Post- vision therapy, the intervention group showed significant improvement in all the BV parameters Wilcoxon signed rank test, p vision disorders and vision therapy plays a significant role in improving the BV parameters.
Children with SLD should be screened for BV anomalies as it could potentially be an added hindrance to the reading difficulty in this special population. Synthetic vision to augment sensor based vision for remotely piloted vehicles. In the past fifteen years, several research programs have demonstrated potential advantages of synthetic vision technology for manned aviation.
More recently, some research programs have focused on integrating synthetic vision technology into control stations for remotely controlled aircraft. Cataract Diabetic retinopathy Glaucoma Macular degeneration What is low vision? When you have low vision , eyeglasses, contact lenses, How do I know if I have low vision? Below are some signs of low vision. This study was a survey which explored ICT usage and challenges among academic staff. Thus, the main purpose of this study was to determine the areas of ICT usage among academic staff; identify the obstacles to their ICT usage and identify their areas of training need in ICT usage.
Five research questions were posed The Scope of Usage -based Theory. Usage -based approaches typically draw on a relatively small set of cognitive processes, such as categorization, analogy, and chunking to explain language structure and function. We then look at the overall strengths and weaknesses of usage -based theory and highli Potential application of machine vision technology to saffron Crocus sativus L.
Saffron quality characterization is an important issue in the food industry and of interest to the consumers. This paper proposes an expert system based on the application of machine vision technology for characterization of saffron and shows how it can be employed in practical usage. There is a correlation between saffron color and its geographic location of production and some chemical attributes which could be properly used for characterization of saffron quality and freshness.
This may be accomplished by employing image processing techniques coupled with multivariate data analysis for quantification of saffron properties. Expert algorithms can be made available for prediction of saffron characteristics such as color as well as for product classification.
Published by Elsevier Ltd. Vision Problems in Homeless Children. Vision problems in homeless children can decrease educational achievement and quality of life. To estimate the prevalence and specific diagnoses of vision problems in children in an urban homeless shelter.
A prospective series of homeless children and teenagers who underwent screening with a vision questionnaire, eye chart screening if mature enough and if vision problem suspected, evaluation by a pediatric ophthalmologist. Glasses and other therapeutic interventions were provided if necessary. Common diagnoses included astigmatism, amblyopia, anisometropia, myopia, and hyperopia. Vision problems in homeless children are common and frequently correctable with ophthalmic intervention.
Evaluation by pediatric ophthalmologist is crucial for accurate diagnoses and treatment. Our system of screening and evaluation is feasible, efficacious, and reproducible in other homeless care situations. Genetics Home Reference: color vision deficiency. Other Names for This Condition color blindness color vision defects defective color vision vision defect, color Learning from vision -to-touch is different than learning from touch-to- vision.
We studied whether vision can teach touch to the same extent as touch seems to teach vision. In two “novel” tasks, in which participants were either asked to haptically judge glossiness or to visually judge softness, we investigated how perceptual estimates transfer from one sense to the other. IDA’s Energy Vision The vision presented should not be regarded as the only option in but as one scenario out of several possibilities.
It is based on state The Energy Vision has the ambition to focus on all parts of the energy system rather than single technologies, but to have an approach in which all sectors are integrated. While Denmark Panoramic stereo sphere vision. Conventional stereo vision systems have a small field of view FOV which limits their usefulness for certain applications. While panorama vision is able to “see” in all directions of the observation space, scene depth information is missed because of the mapping from 3D reference coordinates to 2D panoramic image.
We proposed the geometric model, mathematic model and parameters calibration method in this paper. Specifically, video surveillance, robotic autonomous navigation, virtual reality, driving assistance, multiple maneuvering target tracking, automatic mapping of environments and attitude estimation are some of the applications which will benefit from PSSV.
JPL has produced a series of FPGA field programmable gate array vision algorithms that were written with custom interfaces to get data in and out of each vision module.
Each module has unique requirements on the data interface, and further vision modules are continually being developed, each with their own custom interfaces. Each memory module had also been designed for direct access to memory or to another memory module. Research groups and funding agencies need a functional assessment suitable for an ultra-low vision population to evaluate the impact of new vision -restoration treatments.
The purpose of this study was to develop a pilot assessment to capture the functional visual ability and well-being of subjects whose vision has been partially restored with the Argus II Retinal Prosthesis System. The Functional Low- Vision Observer Rated Assessment FLORA pilot assessment involved a self-report section, a list of functional visual tasks for observation of performance and a case narrative summary.
Results were analysed to determine whether the interview questions and functional visual tasks were appropriate for this ultra-low vision population and whether the ratings suffered from floor or ceiling effects.
Thirty subjects with severe to profound retinitis pigmentosa bare light perception or worse in both eyes were enrolled in a clinical trial and implanted with the Argus II System.
Seven different evaluators administered the assessment. All 14 interview questions were asked. All 35 tasks for functional vision were selected for evaluation at least once, with an average of 20 subjects being evaluated for each test item. All four rating options—impossible 33 per cent , difficult 23 per cent , moderate 24 per cent and easy 19 per cent —were used by the evaluators.
Evaluators also judged the amount of vision they observed the subjects using to complete the various tasks, with ‘ vision only’ occurring 75 per cent on average with the System ON, and 29 per cent with the System OFF. The first version of the FLORA was found to contain useful elements for evaluation and to avoid floor and ceiling effects. The next phase of development will be to refine the assessment and to establish reliability and validity to increase its value as an assessment tool for functional vision and well-being.
Facebook usage by students in higher education. Wesseling, N. In this paper I measure first year student Facebook usage as part of a broader PhD study into the influence of social media usage on the success of students in higher education. A total of students were asked to complete 3 surveys on Facebook usage with their peers, for two consecutive years.
Modeling foveal vision. The model is based on an isotropic, scale invariant two-form that describes the spatial layout of receptive fields in the the visual sensorium in the biological. Impact of low vision services on the quality of life of low vision patients in Ghana. Quality-of-life instruments are designed to measure these perspectives. The study employed a pre- and post-intervention technique. We found statistically significant improvements in measured visual acuity and NEI VFQ scores in 8 of the 10 domains evaluated.
We conclude that optical low vision devices have a positive impact on the quality of life of low vision patients in Ghana. Keywords: low vision ; quality of life; visual acuity; visual impairment; Ghana.
Industrial vision. This dissertation is concerned with the introduction of vision -based application s in the ship building industry.
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ENIAC was a computer built in Unlike modern computers, this machine was externally programmed; its circuitry had to be manually rewired each time it was used to perform a new task. Computers, Tech. So, do […]. Lawyers should always be trying to look at things from new jobw different angles to gain an edge. We owe it to our clients, usajobs government jobs federal jobs pathways login facebook logitech honestly, we should do it for ourselves, because it makes practicing more fulfilling.
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An unsealed amended complaint filed in late September names the two alleged kingpins as Lazaro Roberto Hernandez and Armando Herrera, both of Florida. The request for comment RFC tackles this problem from a number of angles, from fee-setting to terminal disclaimer and continuation practices, to improving prior art searches.
Patent and Trademark Office hosts a presentation exploring alternative dispute resolution proceedings available at the WIPO Center for resolving disputes over standard essential patents. In Part I of this series, we discussed the importance of identifying and avoiding patentability-blocking ambiguities in a patent application.
It is equally important that the patent application drafter bring a sensibility to the drafting of the application that recognizes that conceptually the application must not simply be seen as a document whose job is to describe an invention but must also be understood to be a document that must have a descriptive capability that enables it to distinguish patent worthy subject matter from prior art.
Thus, when the patentability of patent worthy subject matter disclosed by the application is challenged, the application can speak—it is able to defend its patentability. This capability is essential in both pre and post grant forums. Patent claims define the boundaries of an invention and are meant to state with clarity what the patent protects. Having clearly constructed claims also proves valuable during infringement assertions.
Patent attorneys practicing in the chemical arts use two primary methods of claiming chemical compounds. The first method relies on chemical nomenclature to describe a claimed chemical compound.
Patent No. The second method claims the drawn chemical structure of a compound. Of course, usajobs government jobs federal jobs pathways login facebook logitech are intermediate ways to claim chemical facebok where both names and structure are used to define the scope — especially with genus and sub-genus claims.
Mylan Pharmaceuticals Inc. See Mylan Pharms. For the reasons provided below, we affirm. Mylan raises three challenges on appeal. First, Mylan contends that the Board erred in determining that a stoichiometry of sitagliptin DHP was not anticipated, either expressly or inherently, by Edmondson.
We address each argument in turn. In re Gartside, F. A finding is supported by substantial evidence if a reasonable mind might accept the evidence as adequate to support the finding. Edison Co. NLRB, U. Thales Visionix, Inc. Merck further contends that the combined list of 33 compounds and eight preferred salts, taking into account various stoichiometric possibilities, would result usajobs government jobs federal jobs pathways login facebook logitech salts, some of which may not even form under experimental conditions.
Merck argues that Mylan seeks to expand the theory inappropriately, improperly focusing on whether skilled artisans could have envisaged sitagliptin DHP among the members of the class instead of envisaging each member of the disclosed class. The Board did not err in determining that Edmondson does not expressly disclose a sitagliptin DHP salt. Chorghade, stating that nothing in Edmondson directs a skilled artisan to sitagliptin from among the 33 listed DP-IV inhibitors.
The Board reasonably concluded that Edmondson does not expressly disclose the sitagliptin DHP salt. Merck argues that it jobe reduced to practice the subject matter of these claims before Edmondson had been published on January 16, As a result, Merck asserts, Edmondson could not usajobs government jobs federal jobs pathways login facebook logitech as 35 U. Without Edmondson, the obviousness challenge to these claims fails.
As the Board considered, Bastin does not provide a specific motivation, including any screening or optimization protocol that, combined with Edmondson, would lead to sitagliptin DHP, the S -configuration, or even a racemic mixture. Merck argues that the Board was correct in finding that Mylan did not provide a persuasive motivation for making the crystalline monohydrate form of sitagliptin.
Merck asserts evidence that skilled artisans would avoid making hydrates due to solubility and stability challenges during the drug-production process. Merck also contends that the monohydrate has unexpectedly favorable properties, and governmejt these properties are objective indicia of nonobviousness. We agree with Merck. Sign of the times? In a much-anticipated decision, U. Together, the releases culminated the intense efforts by LES during the COVID pandemic in preparing and launching the Surveys and in analyzing the data, presenting the results and writing the Reports.
Not only do LES Royalty Survey Reports provide an update on the licensing market in the past few years, they look into the dynamics of market evolution since the s.
The Reports offer benchmark royalty data by various categories, such as technology field and IP type, logitceh serve as invaluable references for licensing professionals. The High Tech Survey Report is also the only data source in the IP industry that logitechh and publishes royalty rate premiums or discounts such as exclusivity premium and advanced-stage technology premium.
Through governnent and quantifying the value contributions of key license parameters such as josb, technology development stage and IP type, among others, the LES team aims to develop a build-up method for royalty determination, analogous to the patyways method in business valuation. The amendments retreat, to some degree, from the policy the IEEE adopted in Februarywhich stated among other things that the determination of reasonable royalties for FRAND-committed SEPs should include consideration of the SSPPU, and that owners of FRAND-committed SEPs should not seek injunctive relief against implementers unless the latter failed to participate in or comply with the outcome of, an adjudication that included first-level appellate review.
The new policy departs from these requirements, though it читать больше obligates owners not to seek injunctive relief against willing licensees. Below are the relevant provisions, with the revised portions highlighted and underscored by the IEEE. The first part comes from Bylaw 6. In addition, determination of such Reasonable Usajos should include, but need not be limited to, the consideration of:. Some optional considerations for determination of Reasonable Rates are:.
The Submitter of usajobs government jobs federal jobs pathways login facebook logitech Accepted LOA who has нажмите чтобы увидеть больше to make available a license for one or more Essential Patent Claims agrees that it shall neither seek nor seek to enforce a Prohibitive Order based on such Essential Patent Claim s in a jurisdiction unless the against an implementer who is willing to negotiate in good faith for a license. Seeking further information upon initial notice of infringement or choosing to litigate or arbitrate over any of the foregoing issues, however, does not by itself mean that a party so choosing is unwilling usajobs government jobs federal jobs pathways login facebook logitech negotiate in good faith.
Back inalthough I was critical of the part about the SSPPU see hereI was in favor faceook the part about injunctive relief—though in retrospect I can see how loigtech the parties to go all the way through first-level appellate review before an implementer would be considered unwilling may have gone too far. Cooperative Entertainment, Inc.
The first is the required dynamic P2P network wherein multiple peer nodes consume the same content and are configured to communicate governmennt the CDNs. The second requires trace routes be used in content segmentation. In this usajobs government jobs federal jobs pathways login facebook logitech of IP Goes Pop!
Game changers exist in so many pop culture areas, including movies, music, television and sports. In the world of patents and inventions, game changers from hundreds of years ago still impact our lives every day. Using Analytics to Assess the Effectiveness of Common Patent Prosecution Practices Lawyers should always be trying to look at things from new and different angles to gain an edge. So, do […] Continue Reading Continue Reading The first issue was whether a question asked by one judge of an IPR panel with respect to a purportedly undisputed claim […] Continue Reading The outcome: Mylan Pharmaceuticals Inc.
For the reasons provided below, we affirm The issues: Mylan raises three challenges on appeal. We agree with Merck Continue Reading The outcome Cooperative Entertainment, Inc.